1 Drew Desilver, “For Most U.S. Workers, Real Wages Have Barely Budged in Decades,” Pew Research Center, August 7, 2018,

Chapter 1

1 Simon Romero, “Ecuador: President Orders Debt Default,” New York Times, December 12, 2008,; Mick Riordan et al., “Daily Brief: Economics and Financial Market Commentary,” Global Economic Monitor, December 16, 2008,

2 Conversation between Minister Acosta and the author, reported in more detail in John Perkins, ...

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