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Construction Extension to the PMBOK® Guide

Book Description

A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide) provides generalized project management guidance applicable to most projects most of the time. In order to apply this generalized guidance to construction projects, the Project Management Institute has developed the Construction Extension to the PMBOK® Guide. This Construction Extension provides construction-specific guidance for the project management practitioner for each of the PMBOK® Guide Knowledge Areas, as well as guidance in these additional areas not found in the PMBOK® Guide: • All project resources, rather than just human resources • Project health, safety, security, and environmental management • Project financial management, in addition to cost • Management of claims in construction This edition of the Construction Extension also follows a new structure, discussing the principles in each of the Knowledge Areas rather than discussing the individual processes. This approach broadens the applicability of the Construction Extension by increasing the focus on the “what” and “why” of construction project management. This Construction Extension also includes discussion of emerging trends and developments in the construction industry that affect the application of project management to construction projects.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover Page
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Preface
  5. Table of Contents
  6. 1. Introduction
    1. 1.1. Projects in Construction
    2. 1.2. Purpose and Audience for the Construction Extension
    3. 1.3. Context and Structure of the Construction Extension
    4. 1.4. Relationships with Project, Program, and Portfolio Management and Other Organizational Considerations for Construction Projects
    5. 1.5. The Role of the Project Manager in Construction and Special Areas of Expertise
      1. 1.5.1. The Role of the Project Manager in Construction
      2. 1.5.2. Special Areas of Expertise
    6. 1.6. Public Stakeholders
    7. 1.7. Explanation for the use of and Reference to the PMBOK® Guide Processes, Inputs, Tools and Techniques, and Outputs
    8. 1.8. Other Standards
  7. 2. The Construction Project Environment
    1. 2.1. Organizational Influences on Construction Project Management
      1. 2.1.1. Types of Construction Projects
      2. 2.1.2. Project Delivery Methods
      3. 2.1.3. Organizational Structures
      4. 2.1.4. Enterprise Environmental Factors
        1. 2.1.4.1. Economic Factors
        2. 2.1.4.2. Financial Factors
        3. 2.1.4.3. Site Location Factors
    2. 2.2. Project Stakeholders and Governance
      1. 2.2.1. Project Stakeholders
      2. 2.2.2. Project Governance
      3. 2.2.3. Social Responsibility and Sustainability
    3. 2.3. Project Life Cycles
      1. 2.3.1. Front End Loading
      2. 2.3.2. Adaptive Life Cycles
  8. 3. Project Management in the Construction Industry: Overview and Advancements
    1. 3.1. Project Management Knowledge Areas, Process Groups, and Processes
      1. 3.1.1. Project Integration Management
      2. 3.1.2. Project Scope Management
      3. 3.1.3. Project Schedule Management
      4. 3.1.4. Project Cost Management
      5. 3.1.5. Project Quality Management
      6. 3.1.6. Project Resources Management
      7. 3.1.7. Project Communications Management
      8. 3.1.8. Project Risk Management
      9. 3.1.9. Project Procurement Management
      10. 3.1.10. Project Stakeholder Management
      11. 3.1.11. Project Health, Safety, Security, and Environmental Management (HSSE)
      12. 3.1.12. Project Financial Management
    2. 3.2. Advances and Societal Influences in Construction Project Management
      1. 3.2.1. Advances
        1. 3.2.1.1. Technology
        2. 3.2.1.2. Building Information Modeling (BIM)
        3. 3.2.1.3. Modern Methods of Construction
        4. 3.2.1.4. Emerging Management Techniques: Alternative Project Delivery Methods, Integrated Project Delivery (IPD), Lean, and Agile
      2. 3.2.2. Societal Influences in Construction
        1. 3.2.2.1. Sustainability and Social Responsibility
        2. 3.2.2.2. Skilled Human Resources
        3. 3.2.2.3. Global and Regional Recessions (Global Economies)
        4. 3.2.2.4. Global Markets and Future Projects
        5. 3.2.2.5. Ethics
  9. 4. Project Integration Management
    1. 4.1. Project Integration Management in Construction
    2. 4.2. Project Integration Management Initiating
      1. 4.2.1. Project Stakeholders
      2. 4.2.2. Enterprise Environmental Factor Considerations
      3. 4.2.3. Project Service Provider Engagement
    3. 4.3. Project Integration Management Planning
      1. 4.3.1. Planning Inputs
      2. 4.3.2. Value Engineering
      3. 4.3.3. Intermittent Contract Closures and Commissioning
      4. 4.3.4. Project Strategy
    4. 4.4. Project Integration Management Executing
      1. 4.4.1. Work Performance and Inspection
      2. 4.4.2. Value Engineering in Executing
      3. 4.4.3. Construction Administration
      4. 4.4.4. Initiate and Manage Partnering
      5. 4.4.5. Change Order Management
    5. 4.5. Project Integration Management Monitoring and Control
      1. 4.5.1. Technology Integration
      2. 4.5.2. Integrated Change Control
      3. 4.5.3. Sources of Problems with Project Changes
    6. 4.6. Project Integration Management Closing
      1. 4.6.1. Delayed Project Closure
      2. 4.6.2. Closeout Documents
      3. 4.6.3. Project Punch List
      4. 4.6.4. Beneficial Occupancy and Substantial Completion
      5. 4.6.5. Close Contracts
      6. 4.6.6. Final Project Report and Lessons Learned
    7. 4.7. Integration Management Advancements
  10. 5. Project Scope Management
    1. 5.1. Project Scope Management in Construction
    2. 5.2. Project Scope Management Planning
      1. 5.2.1. Define Scope
      2. 5.2.2. Create WBS
    3. 5.3. Project Scope Monitoring and Control
      1. 5.3.1. Scope Validation/Verification
        1. 5.3.1.1. Request for Information (RFI)
      2. 5.3.2. Scope Creep and Change Management
  11. 6. Project Schedule Management
    1. 6.1. Project Schedule Management in Construction
    2. 6.2. Project Schedule Management Planning
      1. 6.2.1. Define Activities
        1. 6.2.1.1. Work Breakdown Structure
        2. 6.2.1.2. Decomposition
        3. 6.2.1.3. Activity Attributes
        4. 6.2.1.4. Progress Measurement Plan and Criteria
      2. 6.2.2. Sequence Activities
      3. 6.2.3. Estimate Activity Resources
      4. 6.2.4. Estimate Activity Durations
      5. 6.2.5. Activity Weightage Definition
      6. 6.2.6. Develop Schedule
        1. 6.2.6.1. Vendor or Subcontractor Schedule Analysis
        2. 6.2.6.2. Constraints
        3. 6.2.6.3. Schedule Baseline
        4. 6.2.6.4. Use of Metrics
        5. 6.2.6.5. Schedule Dictionary
        6. 6.2.6.6. Schedule Risk Analysis (SRA)
      7. 6.2.7. Progress Curves Development and Update
        1. 6.2.7.1. Weights Distribution Standard Curves
        2. 6.2.7.2. Mathematical Analysis
    3. 6.3. Project Schedule Management Monitoring and Control
      1. 6.3.1. Progress Curve Updates
      2. 6.3.2. Schedule Impacts
      3. 6.3.3. Progress and Performance Reviews
  12. 7. Project Cost Management
    1. 7.1. Project Cost Management in Construction
    2. 7.2. Project Cost Management Planning
      1. 7.2.1. Estimating Costs and Techniques
        1. 7.2.1.1. Analogous (Conceptual) Estimating
        2. 7.2.1.2. Parametric Estimating
        3. 7.2.1.3. Bottom-Up (Detailed) Estimating
        4. 7.2.1.4. Three-Point Estimating
        5. 7.2.1.5. Monte Carlo Simulation
      2. 7.2.2. Bill of Materials (Bill of Quantities)
      3. 7.2.3. Allowances, Contingency, and Management Reserve
      4. 7.2.4. Escalation, Inflation, and Currency Exchange
      5. 7.2.5. Metrics
      6. 7.2.6. Additional Considerations in Estimating
      7. 7.2.7. Determine Budget
        1. 7.2.7.1. Construction Work Package (CWP)
        2. 7.2.7.2. Cost Baseline
    3. 7.3. Project Cost Management Monitoring and Control
      1. 7.3.1. Actual Cost
      2. 7.3.2. Earned Value Management
      3. 7.3.3. Progress and Performance Reviews
      4. 7.3.4. Forecasting or Estimate at Completion
  13. 8. Project Quality Management
    1. 8.1. Project Quality Management in Construction
      1. 8.1.1. Quality Requirements
      2. 8.1.2. Modern Quality Management
    2. 8.2. Project Quality Management Planning
      1. 8.2.1. Contract Requirements
      2. 8.2.2. Project Stakeholder Requirements
      3. 8.2.3. Quality Policy
      4. 8.2.4. Quality Assurance Measurements
      5. 8.2.5. Quality Checklist
      6. 8.2.6. Project Requirements Review
      7. 8.2.7. Quality Management Plan
    3. 8.3. Project Quality Management Executing
      1. 8.3.1. Quality Audits
      2. 8.3.2. Quality Management Reviews
    4. 8.4. Project Quality Control
  14. 9. Project Resource Management
    1. 9.1. Project Resource Management in Construction
      1. 9.1.1. Resource Types
      2. 9.1.2. Project Location
      3. 9.1.3. Project Size and Type
    2. 9.2. Project Resource Management Planning
    3. 9.3. Project Resource Management Executing
      1. 9.3.1. General Resources
      2. 9.3.2. Human Resource
        1. 9.3.2.1. Staffing
        2. 9.3.2.2. Team Building
        3. 9.3.2.3. Interpersonal Skills
    4. 9.4. Project Resource Management Monitoring and Controlling
    5. 9.5. Project Resource Management Closing
      1. 9.5.1. General Resources
      2. 9.5.2. Human Resource
  15. 10. Project Communications Management
    1. 10.1. Project Communications Management in Construction
    2. 10.2. Project Communications Management Planning
      1. 10.2.1. Communications Management Plan
      2. 10.2.2. Project Documentation Assessment
      3. 10.2.3. Communications Skills
      4. 10.2.4. Corporate Communication and Social Responsibility
      5. 10.2.5. Communication Flow for Construction Change Orders, Requests for Information (RFIs), Instructions, and Variation Requests
      6. 10.2.6. Daily Report
      7. 10.2.7. Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Project Management Information System (PMIS)
    3. 10.3. Project Communications Management Executing
      1. 10.3.1. Managing Conflict
      2. 10.3.2. Managing Meetings
      3. 10.3.3. Project Documentation and Information Distribution
    4. 10.4. Project Communications Management Monitoring and Control
      1. 10.4.1. Performance and Progress Reports
      2. 10.4.2. Other Reporting Systems
      3. 10.4.3. Contractor Performance Evaluation (CPE)
  16. 11. Project Risk Management
    1. 11.1. Project Risk Management in Construction
    2. 11.2. Project Risk Management Planning
      1. 11.2.1. Bidding and Contract Documents
      2. 11.2.2. Organizational Methods
      3. 11.2.3. Budgeting
      4. 11.2.4. Scoring and Interpretation
      5. 11.2.5. Project Risk Management Planning under Collaborative Construction Project Arrangements
      6. 11.2.6. Project Risk Management Planning in Public-Private Partnership (PPP)
      7. 11.2.7. Project Risk Management Planning in International Projects
      8. 11.2.8. Risk Identification in Construction Projects
        1. 11.2.8.1. Resource Plan
        2. 11.2.8.2. Documentation Reviews
        3. 11.2.8.3. Checklist Analysis
        4. 11.2.8.4. Assumption Analysis
        5. 11.2.8.5. Lessons Learned and Learning from Others’ Experiences
        6. 11.2.8.6. Local Expert Judgment
        7. 11.2.8.7. Concept Hazard Analysis
        8. 11.2.8.8. Preliminary Hazard Analysis (PHA)
        9. 11.2.8.9. Hazard and Operational Studies (HAZOP)
        10. 11.2.8.10. Constructability Review and Checklist
        11. 11.2.8.11. Value Analysis Study
        12. 11.2.8.12. Fault Tree Analysis (FTA)/Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA)
      9. 11.2.9. Qualitative Risk Analysis in Construction Projects
      10. 11.2.10. Quantitative Risk Analysis in Construction Projects
      11. 11.2.11. Plan Risk Responses in Construction Projects
        1. 11.2.11.1. Strategies for Negative Risks or Threats and Positive Risks or Opportunities
      12. 11.2.12. Insurance in Construction Projects
        1. 11.2.12.1. Types of Insurance
    3. 11.3. Project Risk Management Monitoring and Controlling
  17. 12. Project Procurement Management
    1. 12.1. Project Procurement Management in Construction
      1. 12.1.1. Contractor's Perspective
      2. 12.1.2. Owner's Perspective
    2. 12.2. Project Procurement Management Planning
      1. 12.2.1. Procurement Management Plan
      2. 12.2.2. Enterprise Environmental Factors
      3. 12.2.3. Supply Chain Management
      4. 12.2.4. Organizational Process Assets
      5. 12.2.5. Project Scope Statement
      6. 12.2.6. The WBS in Procurement
      7. 12.2.7. Other Service Provider Procurements
      8. 12.2.8. Make-or-Buy Analyses
      9. 12.2.9. Project Delivery Methods
        1. 12.2.9.1. Traditional Approach
        2. 12.2.9.2. Integrated Project Delivery and Turnkey Approaches
      10. 12.2.10. Construction Contracts
      11. 12.2.11. Contract Risk Allocation
      12. 12.2.12. Procurement Planning Outputs
    3. 12.3. Project Procurement Management Executing
      1. 12.3.1. Procurement Solicitation
      2. 12.3.2. Contract Statement of Work
      3. 12.3.3. Procurement Documents
      4. 12.3.4. Prequalification of Service Providers
      5. 12.3.5. Nongovernment Organizations (NGO) Solicitation of Seller Responses
      6. 12.3.6. Public and Government Solicitations
      7. 12.3.7. Evaluation and Selection of Sellers
      8. 12.3.8. Single-Source Procurement
    4. 12.4. Project Procurement Management Monitoring and Controlling
      1. 12.4.1. Contract Management and Contract Administration
      2. 12.4.2. Work Performance Reporting
      3. 12.4.3. Approved Change Requests
      4. 12.4.4. Buyer-Conducted Performance Review
      5. 12.4.5. Inspections and Audits
      6. 12.4.6. Progress Payment System
      7. 12.4.7. Claims Administration
      8. 12.4.8. Records Management Systems
      9. 12.4.9. Project and Contract Documentation
      10. 12.4.10. Project Management Plan Updates
    5. 12.5. Project Procurement Management Closing
      1. 12.5.1. Punch List
      2. 12.5.2. Administrative Closeout
  18. 13. Project Stakeholder Management
    1. 13.1. Stakeholder Management in Construction
      1. 13.1.1. Community
      2. 13.1.2. Labor Unions
      3. 13.1.3. Insurance Providers
      4. 13.1.4. Financial Institutions
      5. 13.1.5. Regulatory Agencies
    2. 13.2. Project Stakeholder Management Initiating
    3. 13.3. Project Stakeholder Management Planning
    4. 13.4. Project Stakeholder Management Executing
    5. 13.5. Project Stakeholder Management Monitoring and Controlling
  19. 14. Project Health, Safety, Security, and Environmental (HSSE) Management
    1. 14.1. Project Health, Safety, Security, and Environment Management in Construction
      1. 14.1.1. Health
      2. 14.1.2. Safety
      3. 14.1.3. Security
      4. 14.1.4. Environment
    2. 14.2. Project HSSE Management Planning
      1. 14.2.1. Contract Requirements
      2. 14.2.2. Safety and Environmental Policy
      3. 14.2.3. Safety Metrics
      4. 14.2.4. Site Neighborhood Safety and Environmental Characteristics and Constraints
      5. 14.2.5. Trials and Simulations
      6. 14.2.6. Cost of Safety (COS) and Cost of Environment (COE)
      7. 14.2.7. Process Mapping
      8. 14.2.8. Flowcharting
      9. 14.2.9. Project Safety and Environmental Requirements Review
      10. 14.2.10. HSSE Management Plan
      11. 14.2.11. Safety and Environmental Zoning and Signage
      12. 14.2.12. Safety and Environmental Training and Induction Requirements
      13. 14.2.13. Traffic Management Plan
      14. 14.2.14. Emergency Response Plan
      15. 14.2.15. Permit to Work Management Plan
      16. 14.2.16. Waste Management Plan
      17. 14.2.17. Safety and Environmental Programs
    3. 14.3. Project HSSE Management Executing
      1. 14.3.1. Project HSSE Assurance
        1. 14.3.1.1. Safety and Environmental Audits
        2. 14.3.1.2. Safety and Environmental Hazard Risk Analyses
        3. 14.3.1.3. Safety and Environmental Assurance Measurements
    4. 14.4. Project HSSE Management Monitoring and Controlling
      1. 14.4.1. Key Performance Indicators
      2. 14.4.2. Heinrich's Accident Triangle
      3. 14.4.3. Accident Investigation
      4. 14.4.4. Defect Repair Review
  20. 15. Project Financial Management
    1. 15.1. Project Financial Management in Construction
    2. 15.2. Project Financial Management Planning
      1. 15.2.1. Sources of Funds for Construction Projects
      2. 15.2.2. Short-Term Financial Fluctuations
      3. 15.2.3. Economic Environment
      4. 15.2.4. Analytical Techniques, Feasibility Study, and Sensitivity Analysis
      5. 15.2.5. Construction Project Finance and Corporate Finance
      6. 15.2.6. Legal Entity
      7. 15.2.7. Contract Requirements
      8. 15.2.8. Financial Impact Risk Factors
      9. 15.2.9. Tax Planning as a Financial Factor
    3. 15.3. Project Financial Management Monitoring and Control
      1. 15.3.1. Project Accounting Systems
      2. 15.3.2. Financial Internal and External Audits
      3. 15.3.3. Cash Flow Analysis
      4. 15.3.4. Financial Reports
      5. 15.3.5. Professional Expertise: Project Monitor, Lender's Engineer, Investor's Engineer, or Technical Advisor
      6. 15.3.6. Ex-Post Evaluations
  21. Annex A1
  22. Appendix X1
  23. Appendix X2
  24. Appendix X3
  25. Appendix X4
  26. References
  27. Glossary