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Construction for Landscape Architecture by Jamie Liversedge, Robert Holden

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Attitudes to materials

Fashion also plays a part in landscape design. In post-war England, the fashion was for brick walls with thin precastconcrete copings and precast concrete and asphalt paving (except for cobbles or brick in special areas), while stone walls were built of broken paving stones. Cost constraints led to the construction of walls of fused brick from bombdamaged buildings, while broken paving stones were also used for “crazy paving.” In the 1950s, Mien Ruys, the Dutch garden designer, introduced the use of recycled lumber railroad ties for retaining walls, which the Danish landscape architect Preben Jakobsen later helped popularize in England in the 1960s.

Also in the 1960s, some countries were known for their board-marked concrete ...

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