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Construction for Landscape Architecture by Jamie Liversedge, Robert Holden

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Dealing with water

Water is one of the elements of life, and revealing it in a landscape scheme can involve far more than its visual delight—vital as that may be. Drainage of development sites may require the provision of retention basins in order to accommodate surface run-off during heavy rainfall, and water can generate power. In the form of ponds and lakes, it can provide a rich wildlife habitat, is a source of fish and plant food, and acts as reservoirs for use in irrigation and firefighting.

Water is predictable and very stable. Its basic characteristics are:

  • it usually flows downhill under gravity;6
  • it freezes, and on freezing expands by 9 per cent;
  • it evaporates;
  • people are attracted by water, they want to touch it; and
  • water can be ...

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