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Construction for Landscape Architecture by Jamie Liversedge, Robert Holden

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Toxicity and health concerns associated with plastics and elastomers

Because they are insoluble in water and relatively chemically inert, pure plastics generally have low toxicity in their finished state and can pass through the digestive system with no ill effects.

However, plastics often contain a variety of toxic additives. For example, plasticizers are often added to brittle plastics like PVC in order to make them pliable enough for use in food packaging, toys, tubing, shower curtains, and other items. Traces of these chemicals can leach out of the plastic when it comes into contact with food. In consequence, for instance, the plasticizer most commonly used worldwide in PVC, di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP), has been banned in the European ...

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