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Construction for Landscape Architecture by Jamie Liversedge, Robert Holden

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Flexible paving

Flexible paving is cheap, simple and quick to lay—and can be of substantial strength. It allows movement of the sub-base or subgrade, is available for use immediately after construction (cast-in-place concrete takes time to develop its strength) and allows both ease of alteration and for services to be subsequently dug up. Consequently, most public roads are built using forms of flexible construction.

Gravel is a traditional flexible paving and is still used where good, comfortable hoof adhesion is required, as in paddock yards. Gravel needs to be sharp and angular if it is not to be easily kicked around, so do not use round, pea gravel in areas of heavy wear. Usually, gravel paving is permeable; however, there are self-binding ...

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