Introduction to pool construction

Pools can be classed as formal or informal, and as “alive” or “dead.” Dead pools are chemically cleaned, while live pools use a balance of artificial and natural systems to maintain aeration and avoid anaerobic conditions (a lack of oxygen), which result in stagnant water.

The main criteria for pool and lake design are:

  • climate and microclimate;
  • setting;
  • scale;
  • effect;
  • noise level;
  • cleanliness;
  • water table;
  • level of control;
  • water supply;
  • vandalism;
  • budget; and
  • maintenance.

Climate and microclimate

In temperate areas, freeze–thaw should be designed for. Many water features are drained in winter in northern France because of frost. If this is to be done, consider the appearance of the pool when empty. In hot ...

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