Chapter 4

1. The 8 MDGs break down into 18 quantifiable targets that are measured by 48 indicators. The targets are set for the year 2015 with 1990 being the benchmark year for comparison. For the complete list of MDGs along with the list of indicators see http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/ (last accessed on 19 May 2008).

2. The dollar value is adjusted for Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) across the countries.

3. The centrality given to food is obvious considering its primary significance for the survival of life. The differentiated per capita calorie norms for rural and urban areas is based on the perceived difference in calorie needs of rural and urban population and their respective living conditions.

4. It was found to be approximately Rs ...

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