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Converging Worlds by Louise A. Breen

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EUROPEAN AMBITIONS AND EARLY CONTACTS:DIVERSE STYLES OF COLONIZATION, 1492–1700

1419–60

Portuguese discovery and settlement of Madeira, Azores and Cape Verde island groups.

1492

Spain defeats Muslims in Granada, expels Jews; Columbus's expedition to America.

1494

Papal-sanctioned Treaty of Tordesillas.

1517

Protestant Reformation begins with German monk Martin Luther's 95 Theses.

1520

Aztec capital Tenochtitlán (Mexico) falls to Hernando Cortés and 600 Spanish warriors.

c.1530

First enslaved African peoples brought to Portuguese and Spanish New World colonies.

1532

Inca civilization (Peru) succumbs to a Spanish force under Francisco Pizarro.

1540–42

Francisco Coronado leads Spanish expedition through modern southwest US.

1534–41

Jacques Cartier charts ...

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