EUROPEAN AMBITIONS AND EARLY CONTACTS:DIVERSE STYLES OF COLONIZATION, 1492–1700
Portuguese discovery and settlement of Madeira, Azores and Cape Verde island groups.
Spain defeats Muslims in Granada, expels Jews; Columbus's expedition to America.
Papal-sanctioned Treaty of Tordesillas.
Protestant Reformation begins with German monk Martin Luther's 95 Theses.
Aztec capital Tenochtitlán (Mexico) falls to Hernando Cortés and 600 Spanish warriors.
First enslaved African peoples brought to Portuguese and Spanish New World colonies.
Inca civilization (Peru) succumbs to a Spanish force under Francisco Pizarro.
Francisco Coronado leads Spanish expedition through modern southwest US.
Jacques Cartier charts ...