INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA: FIRST ENCOUNTERS
“Medieval optimum,” a period of warmer temperatures affecting the whole globe. Cultivation of corn, squash, and beans as major source of sustenance.
“Little Ice Age” ushers in long period of decreased agricultural yields, drought, and conflict; competition over resources, leadership crises and restructuring of societies coincide with first landfall of Europeans.
Columbus lands at Guanahani. Opens contact between Europeans and peoples of the Americas. “Columbian exchange” begins. Non-indigenous microbes, plants, and animals taken to the Americas; newly discovered crops such as tomato and potato to Europe.
Reading of the Requerimiento is established as means by which Spanish ...