Chapter 1


Hogan, D. G. 2007. Selling ’em by the sack: White Castle and the creation of American food. New York: NYU Press; Rivkin, J. W. 2001. Reproducing knowledge: Replication without imitation at moderate complexity. Organization Science 12, 3, 274–293; Big bite. 2008. Economist, April 26, p. 107.


Adamy, J. 2007. Yum uses McDonald’s as guide in bid to heat up sales. Wall Street Journal, December 13, A21.


Teece, D. 1986. Profiting from technological innovation: Implications for integration, collaboration, licensing and public policy. Research Policy 15, 285–305.


S. P. Schnaars provides numerous case histories of late entrants winning against pioneers. See Schnaars, S. P. 1994. Managing imitation strategies: How late entrants ...

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