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Core Java® Volume II—Advanced Features, Ninth Edition by Gary Cornell, Cay S. Horstmann

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1.1.1. Reading and Writing Bytes

The InputStream class has an abstract method:

abstract int read()

This method reads one byte and returns the byte that was read, or -1 if it encounters the end of the input source. The designer of a concrete input stream class overrides this method to provide useful functionality. For example, in the FileInputStream class, this method reads one byte from a file. System.in is a predefined object of a subclass of InputStream that allows you to read information from the keyboard.

The InputStream class also has nonabstract methods to read an array of bytes or to skip a number of bytes. These methods call the abstract read method, so subclasses need to override only one method.

Similarly, the OutputStream class defines ...

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