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Corporate Fraud and Internal Control + Software Demo: A Framework for Prevention by Richard E. Cascarino

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Glossary

Accion civil resarcitoria A civil action taking place in step with a concurrent criminal investigation but that separates the need for criminal conviction and may award money for compensation independently of individual criminal conviction.

Advance-fee fraud Any fraud requesting a fee in advance in order to release a large amount of money. Also known as 4-1-9 fraud.

Affidavit A sworn statement.

Agency fraud Occurs when a third party involved in a financial transaction commits a fraudulent act or encourages a consumer to falsify information when acting on his or her behalf.

Animus nocendi The subjective state of mind of the criminal, with reference to the exact knowledge of illegal content of behavior and of its possible consequences.

Anti–money laundering The legal controls requiring regulated or financial institutions to prevent, detect, or report transactions or activities suspected of being used to launder money.

Back door An unauthorized entry point to a computer system.

Bait and switch Advertising a low-cost item and then steering the customer to a higher-priced item, claiming the low-priced item was sold out.

Best evidence The most reliable evidence that the nature of a given case will allow so that secondary evidence, such as a copy of a document, perhaps with amendments, cannot be used to contradict primary evidence such as the original document itself.

Bid rigging A scheme that gives the appearance of competitive bids but is actually not competitive, because ...

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