This book will examine the problem of under-represented populations (URPs) in the so-called “STEM” fields: science, technology, engineering, and mathematics, this problem is especially acute in computer science. Who are these under-represented populations? What creates them? And finally, why should there be concern about URPs in STEM? This book brings to light the crisis of a dearth of women, especially minority women, in STEM. The text highlights what has combined to create the perfect storm of impending economic stagnation, impoverished populations, diminished innovation, and lack of interest in choosing these fields. The author discusses what must be done to correct this social injustice and stave off losing America’s status one of the leaders in technological innovation and economic opportunity.