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Cracking the Nursing Interview by Jim Keogh

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Interventions

–Bed rest without bathroom privileges. Decreases cardiac workload.

–Place patient in high Fowler’s position. Decreases cardiac workload.

–Coughing, deep breathing exercises. Expands lungs and decreases discomfort

–Monitor vital signs.

–Administer as ordered:

○Corticosteroids. Decreases inflammation.

○Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs). Decreases inflammation.

Pulmonary Edema

Fluid buildup in lungs as a result from decreased contractions by the left ventricle.

Classic Signs

–Frothy or pink sputum. Related to fluids in the lungs.

–Bilateral Crackles. Related to build-up of fluids in the lungs.

–Tachycardia. The body’s attempts to increase oxygen flow to the heart.

–Jugular vein distention. Related to fluid overload. ...

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