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Creating a Web Site: The Missing Manual, 2nd Edition by Matthew MacDonald

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Chapter 8. Linking Pages

So far in this book, you’ve worked on individual Web pages. While creating a single page is a crucial first step in building a Web site, sooner or later you’ll want to wire several pages together so a Web trekker can easily jump from one to the next. After all, linking is what the Web’s all about.

It’s astoundingly easy to create links—officially called hyperlinks—between pages. In fact, all it takes is a single new element: the anchor element. Once you master this bit of XHTML lingo, you’re ready to start organizing your pages into separate folders and transforming your humble collection of standalone documents into a full-fledged site.

Understanding the Anchor

In XHTML, you use the anchor element, <a>, to create a link. When a visitor clicks that link, the browser loads another page.

The anchor element is a straightforward container element. It looks like this:

<a>...</a>

You put the content that a visitor clicks inside the anchor element:

<a>Click Me</a>

The problem with the above link is that it doesn’t point anywhere. To turn it into a fully functioning link, you need to supply the URL of the destination page using an href attribute (which stands for hypertext reference). For example, if you want a link to take a reader to a page named LinkedPage.htm, you create this link:

<a href="LinkedPage.htm">Click Me</a>

For this link to work, the LinkedPage.htm file has to reside in the same folder as the Web page that contains the link. You’ll learn how to better organize ...

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