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Creating the Market University by Elizabeth Popp Berman

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CHAPTER 2

Market Logic in the Era of Pure Science

IT IS HARD TO OVERSTATE how much World War II changed the landscape of academic science in the United States. University research was a modest, small-scale endeavor until the Manhattan Project demonstrated the power of science and, in the process, transformed the way it was organized. Building the bomb that ended the war gave scientists a great deal of public respect and influence that, in the postwar years, they would leverage into a massive new system for the support of academic science. This system would be predicated on large and growing levels of federal funding and a great deal of autonomy for scientists in deciding how that funding would be spent. It was this foundation that made it possible ...

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