Pupils should be taught that science is about thinking creatively to try to explain how living things and non living things work, and to establish links between causes and effects.
(National Science Curriculum for Key Stage 2 1999)
Weisberg (1986) states that creative scientists differ from non-creative scientists in distinct ways. Broadly speaking, creative scientists need to be free of rules to allow for flexible thinking. This flexibility enables them to know when to abandon nonproductive efforts and change approaches. They waste little time on simple solutions and recognise the potential for significant breakthroughs. They may also be aware of a problem or solution that others miss. They are open to experiences, ...