CHAPTER 10

What They Are and Why They’re Important

Everyone agrees that logic and argumentation are important for critical thinking. (And an important component of improving one’s critical thinking skills is) background knowledge ....

There are different types of background knowledge that are relevant to critical thinking in different ways. One of the most important types of background knowledge is knowledge of how our minds actually work—how human beings actually think and reason, how we actually form beliefs, how we actually make decisions.

There are a lot of different scientific fields that study how our minds actually work. These include behavioral psychology, social psychology, cognitive psychology, cognitive neuroscience, and other fields. ...

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