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Crude Oil Fouling by Geoffrey Hewitt, Francesco Coletti

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Preface

Nearly every gallon (or liter!) of fuel, which is used in transport vehicles (cars, trucks, trains, airplanes, etc.), is derived from oil that is extracted in the crude state from oil wells and is then processed in an oil refinery to yield the required transport fuel (gasoline, diesel, kerosene, etc.). The first task in the refinery is to separate these useful fuels from the crude oil by the process of distillation in which the components of the oil are separated on the basis of their volatility. Of course, the components of crude oil, which are of volatility too low to allow them to be used as fuels, are also separated in the distillation process and can be either directly used (for example, as lubricating or fuel oils) or can be chemically ...

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