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Crude Oil Fouling by Geoffrey Hewitt, Francesco Coletti

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Nomenclature

Romans

a
   Curvature of annulus (m)
a
   Material-specific constant (–)
a1,..an
   Various fouling model constants
A
   Area (m2)
A
   Pre-exponential factor for chemical reaction fouling (m2 K J1)
Aa
   Pre-exponential factor for aging model (s1)
Aflow
   Cross-sectional area for flow (m2)
Bc
   Baffle cut (%)
Bif
   Biot number for fouling (–)
C
   Phase volume fraction or species concentration (–)
Ca
   Capillary number (–)
Cd
   Discharge coefficient (–)
Cf
   Friction factor (–)
c
   Constant of integration (–)
cb
   Concentration in the bulk (kg m3)
cf
   Foulant concentration (kg m3)
cp
   Concentration of precursors (kg m3)
cp
   Specific heat capacity at constant pressure (J kg1 K1)
cs
   Concentration at the surface (kg m3)
cr
   Concentration of reactants ...

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