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Crude Oil Fouling by Geoffrey Hewitt, Francesco Coletti

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Appendix 1

Table A.1

Summary of analytical techniques used in fouling studies

Short nameNameApplicationInformation typeSample stateAdvantagesDisadvantages/LimitationsSample sizeResolutionExperiment duration
UV–FUltraviolet–fluorescence spectroscopyDetermine aromaticity of sampleChemical structureSolidFast and easy to useQualitative information2 ml1 nm<1 min
FT–IRFourier transform–infrared spectroscopyChemical bond analysis, determining functional groupsChemical structureLiquid, solidFast and easy to useCannot analyse pure metals<0.1 ml, <10 mg±0.01 cm1<1 min
NMRNuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopyDetermine aromaticity of sample, C/H ratio, functional groups, aromatic/aliphatic ratioChemical structureLiquid, solidHigh resolutionRequires high solubility ...

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