We have all put together puzzles at one time or another. After you open the box and dump out the pieces, the sight can be overwhelming: hundreds, maybe thousands, of tiny pieces in a large pile. The pile is in a state of chaos. As we pick each piece up and examine it, we understand its properties in the form of its shape. We lack knowledge at this point about how these puzzle pieces connect with each other. We begin the process of fitting the pieces together and, after much effort, we complete our masterpiece. Each puzzle piece is in its proper place.

The term chaos can be applied to any unorganized pile, including data elements. We may have a strong understanding of each of the data elements, such as their name and definition, ...

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