The standard method is the most common of the five denormalization techniques. The parent entity in the relationship disappears, and all the parents data elements and relationships are moved down to the child entity. You’ll recall that the child entity is on the many side of the relationship and contains a foreign key back to the parent entity, which appears on the one side of the relationship.

Although the standard technique is traditionally applied to a one-to-many relationship, we can illustrate the standard technique using the subtyping structure from Figure 19.1. The subtyping structure must be resolved on the physical data model, as there is no subtyping relationship defined in a relational database. There are three ways of resolving ...

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