Social Science, Social Service, and Social Profit
Striding, like some modern Colossus, the southwestern shore of Lake Michigan, Chicago, the capital, the metropolis of the wealth producing West, rears her stately head, the most remarkable city in the world.
—“Chicago of Today,” 1893
The importance of the Northwest Territory increased significantly with the election of Illinois native Abraham Lincoln to the presidency in 1860. Mary Livermore added to the profile of the territory through her remarkable civilian leadership during the Civil War. In the postwar era, Chicago came to symbolize the many disparate trends and aspirations that characterized the period, a city of great energy and wealth, as well as a volatile, conflicted, and ...