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Debian 7: System Administration Best Practices by Rich Pinkall Pollei

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Chapter 4. Basic Package Configuration

Debian depends heavily on the configuration methods used by the upstream developers of each package, supplemented by the Debian developers' modifications and additions to standardize package configuration, and make the administrator's life easier. In this chapter, we will cover the standard location of configuration files, utilities available to assist in configuration, trends in configuration file management, and some examples.

Configuration files

Most configuration files reside in the /etc directory hierarchy. In general, most packages place their configuration files in a subdirectory named after the software. In cases where the upstream developers do not do this, the Debian package usually modifies the behavior. ...

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