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Design of CMOS Millimeter-Wave and Terahertz Integrated Circuits with Metamaterials

Book Description

Along with numerous opportunities in communication and imaging applications, the design of emerging millimeter-wave (mm-wave) and terahertz (THz) electronic circuits and systems in CMOS technology faces new challenges and requires new devices. Design of CMOS Millimeter-Wave and Terahertz Integrated Circuits with Metamaterials provides alternative solutions using CMOS on-chip metamaterials. Unlike conventional metamaterial devices on printed circuit boards (PCBs), the presented CMOS metamaterials can be utilized to build many mm-wave and THz circuits and systems on chip.

Leveraging the authors’ extensive expertise and experience with CMOS on-chip metamaterials, this book shows that with the use of metamaterials, one can realize coherent THz signal generation, amplification, transmission, and detection of phase-arrayed CMOS transistors with significantly improved performance. Offering detailed coverage from device to system, the book hereby:

  • Describes integrated circuit design with application of metamaterials in CMOS technology
  • Includes real CMOS integrated circuit examples and chip demonstrations with measurement results
  • Evaluates novel mm-wave and THz communication and imaging systems under CMOS-based system-on-chip integration

Design of CMOS Millimeter-Wave and Terahertz Integrated Circuits with Metamaterials reflects the latest research progress and provides a state-of-the-art reference on CMOS-based metamaterial devices and mm-wave and THz systems.

Table of Contents

  1. Contents (1/2)
  2. Contents (2/2)
  3. List of Figures (1/3)
  4. List of Figures (2/3)
  5. List of Figures (3/3)
  6. List of Tables
  7. Preface
  8. Acknowledgments
  9. SECTION I: FUNDAMENTALS
    1. Chapter 1: Introduction
      1. 1.1 Overview of Terahertz Technology
        1. 1.1.1 Terahertz Applications
        2. 1.1.2 Optics-Based Terahertz System
      2. 1.2 CMOS THz Electronics
      3. 1.3 CMOS THz Applications (1/2)
      4. 1.3 CMOS THz Applications (2/2)
        1. 1.3.1 THz CMOS Imaging
        2. 1.3.2 THz CMOS Communication
    2. Chapter 2: CMOS Metamaterial Devices
      1. 2.1 Introduction
      2. 2.2 Non-Resonant-Type Metamaterial (1/3)
      3. 2.2 Non-Resonant-Type Metamaterial (2/3)
      4. 2.2 Non-Resonant-Type Metamaterial (3/3)
        1. 2.2.1 Composite Right-/Left-Handed T-Line
        2. 2.2.2 Magnetic Plasmon Waveguide
      5. 2.3 Resonant-Type Metamaterial
        1. 2.3.1 T-Line Loaded with Split Ring Resonator
        2. 2.3.2 T-Line Loaded with Complementary Split Ring Resonator
      6. 2.4 CMOS Coherent THz Electronics by Metamaterial
        1. 2.4.1 Coherent Source
        2. 2.4.2 Coherent Transmission
        3. 2.4.3 Coherent Detection
        4. 2.4.4 Transceiver Architecture
    3. Chapter 3: CMOS THz Modeling
      1. 3.1 Introduction
      2. 3.2 Fractional-Order T-Line Model
        1. 3.2.1 Fractional Calculus
        2. 3.2.2 Fractional-Order Capacitance and Inductance
        3. 3.2.3 Fractional-Order T-Line Model
        4. 3.2.4 Fractional-Order CRLH T-Line Model
      3. 3.3 Model Extraction and Causality Analysis
        1. 3.3.1 Fractional-Order Model Extraction
        2. 3.3.2 Causal LTI System and Causality Enforcement
        3. 3.3.3 Causality of T-Line Model
      4. 3.4 Prototyping and Measurement (1/3)
      5. 3.4 Prototyping and Measurement (2/3)
      6. 3.4 Prototyping and Measurement (3/3)
        1. 3.4.1 T-Line Fractional-Order Model Verification
        2. 3.4.2 CRLH T-Line Fractional-Order Model Verification
        3. 3.4.3 Causality Verification and Comparison
      7. 3.5 Conclusion
  10. SECTION II: CMOS THZ SIGNAL GENERATION
    1. Chapter 4: Oscillator
      1. 4.1 Introduction
      2. 4.2 Frequency Tuning by Loaded Transformer (1/3)
      3. 4.2 Frequency Tuning by Loaded Transformer (2/3)
      4. 4.2 Frequency Tuning by Loaded Transformer (3/3)
        1. 4.2.1 Inductive Tuning Analysis
        2. 4.2.2 Inductor-Loaded Transformer by Switching Return-Path
      5. 4.3 Frequency Tuning by CRLH T-Line
        1. 4.3.1 CRLH T-Line-Based RTW-VCO
        2. 4.3.2 Wide-Band Tuning for CRLH T-Line-Based RTW-VCO
      6. 4.4 Circuit Prototyping and Measurement (1/4)
      7. 4.4 Circuit Prototyping and Measurement (2/4)
      8. 4.4 Circuit Prototyping and Measurement (3/4)
      9. 4.4 Circuit Prototyping and Measurement (4/4)
        1. 4.4.1 60-GHz VCO Prototype with Asymmetric Implementation of Inductive Tuning
        2. 4.4.2 60-GHz VCO Prototype with Symmetric Implementation of Inductive Tuning
        3. 4.4.3 90-GHz VCO Prototype with CRLH T-LineBased RTW
      10. 4.5 Conclusion
    2. Chapter 5: Coupled Oscillator Network
      1. 5.1 Introduction
      2. 5.2 In-Phase Signal Generation by MPW
      3. 5.3 Circuit Prototyping and Measurement (1/5)
      4. 5.3 Circuit Prototyping and Measurement (2/5)
      5. 5.3 Circuit Prototyping and Measurement (3/5)
      6. 5.3 Circuit Prototyping and Measurement (4/5)
      7. 5.3 Circuit Prototyping and Measurement (5/5)
        1. 5.3.1 60 GHz CON Signal Source
        2. 5.3.2 140 GHz CON Signal Source
        3. 5.3.3 280 GHz CON Signal Source
      8. 5.4 Conclusion
    3. Chapter 6: Phase-Locked Loop
      1. 6.1 Introduction
      2. 6.2 60-GHz PLL Design
      3. 6.3 Circuit Prototyping and Simulation
        1. 6.3.1 Divider Measurement Results
        2. 6.3.2 PLL Simulation Results
  11. SECTION III: CMOS THZ SIGNAL AMPLIFICATION AND TRANSMISSION
    1. Chapter 7: Power Combiner
      1. 7.1 Introduction
      2. 7.2 In-Phase Signal Transmission by CRLH Zero-Phase-Shifter
      3. 7.3 PA Design with Power Combining Network (1/5)
      4. 7.3 PA Design with Power Combining Network (2/5)
      5. 7.3 PA Design with Power Combining Network (3/5)
      6. 7.3 PA Design with Power Combining Network (4/5)
      7. 7.3 PA Design with Power Combining Network (5/5)
        1. 7.3.1 SEDFDA-Based PA Design
        2. 7.3.2 ZPS-Based 2D Distributed Power Combining for PA
        3. 7.3.3 Stabilization Techniques
        4. 7.3.4 Digital Control
      8. 7.4 Circuit Prototyping and Measurement (1/5)
      9. 7.4 Circuit Prototyping and Measurement (2/5)
      10. 7.4 Circuit Prototyping and Measurement (3/5)
      11. 7.4 Circuit Prototyping and Measurement (4/5)
      12. 7.4 Circuit Prototyping and Measurement (5/5)
        1. 7.4.1 60 GHz PA Design with Single-Ended 2x2 Power Combining
        2. 7.4.2 60 GHw PA Design with Differential 2x4 Power Combining
        3. 7.4.3 60 GHz PA Prototype with Differential 4 x 4 Power Combining and Digital Control
      13. 7.5 Conclusion
    2. Chapter 8: Antenna
      1. 8.1 Introduction
      2. 8.2 CRLH T-Line-Based Leaky Wave Antenna
      3. 8.3 Circularly Polarized SIW Antenna
      4. 8.4 Circuit Prototyping and Measurement (1/2)
      5. 8.4 Circuit Prototyping and Measurement (2/2)
        1. 8.4.1 280-GHz LWA
        2. 8.4.2 280-GHz SIW
      6. 8.5 Conclusion
  12. SECTION IV: CMOS THZ SIGNAL DETECTION
    1. Chapter 9: Resonator
      1. 9.1 Introduction
      2. 9.2 Differential TL-SRR Resonator
        1. 9.2.1 Stacked SRR Layout
        2. 9.2.2 Comparison with Single-Ended TL-SRR Resonator
        3. 9.2.3 Comparison with Standing-Wave Resonator
      3. 9.3 Differential TL-CSRR Resonator
      4. 9.4 Circuit Prototyping and Measurement (1/2)
      5. 9.4 Circuit Prototyping and Measurement (2/2)
        1. 9.4.1 76-GHz Differential TL-SRR Resonator
        2. 9.4.2 96-GHz Differential TL-CSRR Resonator
        3. 9.4.3 Measurements
      6. 9.5 Conclusion
    2. Chapter 10: Super-Regenerative Detection
      1. 10.1 Introduction
      2. 10.2 Fundamentals of Super-Regenerative Amplification
        1. 10.2.1 Equivalent Circuit of SRA
        2. 10.2.2 Frequency Response of SRA
        3. 10.2.3 Sensitivity of SRA
      3. 10.3 Super-Regenerative Receiver by SRR/CSRR Resonator (1/2)
      4. 10.3 Super-Regenerative Receiver by SRR/CSRR Resonator (2/2)
        1. 10.3.1 Quench-Controlled Oscillation
        2. 10.3.2 SRX Design by TL-CSRR
        3. 10.3.3 SRX Design by TL-SRR
      5. 10.4 Circuit Prototyping and Measurement
        1. 10.4.1 DTL-CSRR-Based SRX at 96 GHz
        2. 10.4.2 DTL-SRR-Based SRX at 135 GHz
        3. 10.4.3 Comparison and Discussion
      6. 10.5 Conclusion
    3. Chapter 11: In-Phase Detection
      1. 11.1 Introduction
      2. 11.2 SRX Sensitivity Enhancement by ZPS-Coupled CON
      3. 11.3 Circuit Prototyping and Measurement
        1. 11.3.1 SRX Circuit Design
        2. 11.3.2 Measurements
      4. 11.4 Conclusion
  13. SECTION V: APPLICATIONS
    1. Chapter 12: CMOS THz Imaging
      1. 12.1 Introduction
      2. 12.2 135-GHz Narrow-Band Imager by DTL-SRR-Based SRX
        1. 12.2.1 THz Imaging by SRA Detection
        2. 12.2.2 Narrow-Band Imaging Results
      3. 12.3 240
      4. 12.3 240 ∼ 280-GHz Wide-Band Imager with Heterodyne Receiver
        1. 12.3.1 Architecture and System Specification
        2. 12.3.2 Down-Conversion Mixer
        3. 12.3.3 Power Gain Amplifier
        4. 12.3.4 Wide-Band Imaging Results
        5. 12.3.5 Wide-Band THz Imaging
      5. 12.4 280-GHz Reflective Imaging System (1/3)
      6. 12.4 280-GHz Reflective Imaging System (2/3)
      7. 12.4 280-GHz Reflective Imaging System (3/3)
        1. 12.4.1 Differential Down-Conversion Receiver
        2. 12.4.2 2D On-Chip Leaky Wave Antenna Array
        3. 12.4.3 Transceiver Integration
      8. 12.5 Conclusion
    2. Chapter 13: CMOS THz Wireless Communication
      1. 13.1 Introduction
      2. 13.2 Massive MIMO Transceiver
      3. 13.3 Conclusion
    3. Chapter 14: CMOS THz Wireline Communication
      1. 14.1 Introduction
      2. 14.2 Surface Plasmon Polariton T-Line (1/3)
      3. 14.2 Surface Plasmon Polariton T-Line (2/3)
      4. 14.2 Surface Plasmon Polariton T-Line (3/3)
      5. 14.3 SRR Modulator (1/2)
      6. 14.3 SRR Modulator (2/2)
      7. 14.4 Multi-Channel I/O Transceiver (1/2)
      8. 14.4 Multi-Channel I/O Transceiver (2/2)
      9. 14.5 Conclusion
  14. References (1/7)
  15. References (2/7)
  16. References (3/7)
  17. References (4/7)
  18. References (5/7)
  19. References (6/7)
  20. References (7/7)