Note: Page numbers followed by “f” denote figures; “t” tables; “b” boxes.

Academic codes, 365–367
Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), 21
Active constraint, 123
Adjoint load, 232, 233b
Adjoint response, 257
Adjoint variable method, 232
for continuum approach, 237–238
of continuum-analytical approach, 261–262
of continuum-discrete approach, 256–260
for discrete approach
adjoint load calculation, 233b
modulus design variable, 235b
performance measures, 232
Aircraft torque tube, 391, 392f
optimization, 396
parameterization, 393
optimization results, 397f, 397t
problem definition, 393
VM, 396
Airplane engine model, 8f
Analysis models, 8–10
Analytical derivative method, 222–225
ANSYS software, 177–178
Attributes, ...

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