Designing Development

Book description


The creation of physical and material infrastructure is the cornerstone of human development; not surprisingly, engineers and designers are often motivated and inspired in their practice to improve the world around them, to make things better for others, and to apply their knowledge for the good of mankind. These aspirations often get translated into engineering and design curricula where students and faculty work on development related projects usually under the category of community or service learning. This book presents an overview of such an education and outreach program designed to empower stakeholders to improve their lives. The project described here was an international multi-institutional undertaking that included academic institutions, non-governmental organizations, and private firms. Within the academic setting, an interdisciplinary set of actors that included engineering and industrial design students and faculty worked on the project. We concretize our work by presenting a design case study that illustrates how different approaches can help guide the works of engineers and designers as they create global infrastructures and localized artifacts. We emphasize the importance of developing long term relationships with organizations on the ground in order to ensure appropriate design as well as successful transfer and long term use of designed artifacts. We discuss the life trajectories of the authors to provide a grounded perspective on what motivated us to undertake this work and shaped our approach with the intention to demonstrate that there are multiple paths toward this goal.

Table of Contents: Introduction / Development of the Program: Personal Trajectories Meet Professional Opportunities / Intellectual Positioning of the Program: Sociomaterial Infrastructures and Capable and Convivial Design / Case Study: Quick Response (QR) Code Based Immunization Solution / Design for Development Course and Outreach Initiative / Conclusion: Lessons Learned

Table of contents

  1. Preface
  2. Acknowledgments
  3. Introduction
    1. Review of Service Learning Literature
    2. International Service Learning
    3. Goals of the Book
  4. Development of the Program: Personal Trajectories Meet Professional Opportunities
    1. Trajectory into Global Engineering Design and Education—Aditya Johri
      1. Going Back in Time
      2. Personal Trajectory Meets Professional Opportunities
    2. Trajectory Toward Designing Projects Related to Development—Akshay Sharma
      1. Growing Up in India
      2. Coming to the US
      3. Personal Trajectory Meets Professional Opportunities
    3. Common Path Forward: Inception and Development of the Program
  5. Intellectual Positioning of the Program: Sociomaterial Infrastructures and Capable and Convivial Design
    1. Motivational Theories
    2. Sociomaterial Infrastructures
    3. Capable and Convivial Design
    4. Linking Sociomateriality and Capable and Convivial Design
  6. Case Study–Quick Response (QR) Code Based Immunization Solution
    1. The Health and Immunization Landscape in India
    2. Problem Faced by Immunization Programs in India and an ICT-based Solution
    3. The e-Immunization Solution—ICT Based Immunization Services
      1. Prototype Testing—Setting and Implementation
    4. Urban Population and Improving Immunization with ICT
    5. Understanding and Exploring the Design Context
      1. Actions
      2. Environment
      3. Interactions
      4. Objects
      5. Users
      6. Education Levels in the Community
      7. Lessons Learned
    6. Our Approach—Translation of Lessons Learned into Technical Object
    7. IMMUNE—A QR Code Based Immunization Application
    8. Technical Implementation of the Project
      1. QR Code Holder
      2. Database
      3. User Interface
      4. Details of the Application
      5. Using QR-Codes
    9. Second Generation Prototype of the Application
    10. Reflecting on Sociomaterial Infrastructure
    11. Spinoff Project
    12. Future Work
  7. Design for Development Course and Outreach Initiative
    1. Description of the Course
      1. Course Objectives
      2. Participating Faculty and Departments
      3. Timeline
      4. Evaluation of Outcomes
    2. Course Assessment
      1. Focus Groups
      2. Survey Results
    3. Outreach Component (1/2)
    4. Outreach Component (2/2)
  8. Conclusion–Lessons Learned (1/2)
  9. Conclusion–Lessons Learned (2/2)
  10. Bibliography (1/2)
  11. Bibliography (2/2)
  12. Authors' Biographies

Product information

  • Title: Designing Development
  • Author(s): Aditya Johri, Akshay Sharma
  • Release date: January 2013
  • Publisher(s): Morgan & Claypool Publishers
  • ISBN: 9781627050043