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Developing the Global Bioeconomy

Book Description

Developing the Global Bioeconomy: Technical, Market, and Environmental Lessons from Bioenergy brings together expertise from three IEA-Bioenergy subtasks on pyrolysis, international trade, and biorefineries to review the bioenergy sector and draw useful lessons for the full deployment of the bioeconomy.

Despite the vast amount of politically driven strategies, there is little understanding on how current markets will transition towards a global bioeconomy. The question is not only how the bioeconomy can be developed, but also how it can be developed sustainably in terms of economic and environmental concerns. To answer this question, this book’s expert chapter authors seek to identify the types of biorefineries that are expected to be implemented and the types of feedstock that may be used.

They also provide historical analysis of the developments of biopower and biofuel markets, integration opportunities into existing supply chains, and the conditions that would need to be created and enhanced to achieve a global biomass trade system that could support a global bioeconomy. As expectations that a future bioeconomy will rely on a series of tradable commodities, this book provides a central accounting of the state of the discussion in a multidisciplinary approach that is ideal for research and academic experts, and analysts in all areas of the bioenergy, biofuels, and bioeconomy sectors, as well as those interested in energy policy and economics.

  • Examines the lessons learned by the bioenergy industry and how they can be applied to the full development of the bioeconomy
  • Explores different transition strategies and how the current fossil based and future bio-based economy are intertwined
  • Reviews the status of current biomass conversion pathways
  • Presents an historical analysis of the developments of biopower and biofuel markets, integration opportunities into existing supply chains, and the conditions that would need to be created and enhanced to achieve a global biomass trade system

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Dedication
  6. Disclaimer
    1. Financial and Competing Interests Disclosure
  7. List of Figures
  8. List of Contributors
  9. Biography
  10. Preface
    1. IEA Bioenergy
    2. Task 34
    3. Task 40
    4. Task 42
  11. Acknowledgments
  12. Chapter 1. Bioeconomy Strategies
    1. Abstract
    2. 1.1 Introduction
    3. 1.2 Status of Bioeconomy Strategies in IEA Bioenergy Member Countries
    4. 1.3 Scope, Objective, and Outline
    5. References
  13. Chapter 2. Development of Second-Generation Biorefineries
    1. Abstract
    2. 2.1 Introduction
    3. 2.2 Technology and Feedstock Matrix
    4. 2.3 Summary
    5. References
  14. Chapter 3. Biorefineries: Industry Status and Economics
    1. Abstract
    2. 3.1 Introduction
    3. 3.2 Economics
    4. 3.3 Demonstration and Full-Scale Plants
    5. 3.4 Summary and Outlook
    6. References
  15. Chapter 4. Sustainability Considerations for the Future Bioeconomy
    1. Abstract
    2. 4.1 Introduction
    3. 4.2 Overview of Methodologies and Sustainability Assessment Frameworks
    4. 4.3 Lessons Learned From First-Generation Biofuels and Bioenergy Crops
    5. 4.4 Sustainability Assessment Challenges
    6. 4.5 Considerations for Future Assessments in the Bioeconomy Sector
    7. 4.6 Conclusions and Recommendations
    8. References
  16. Chapter 5. Biomass Supply and Trade Opportunities of Preprocessed Biomass for Power Generation
    1. Abstract
    2. 5.1 Introduction
    3. 5.2 International Trade and Supply Opportunities of Processed Stable Biomass Intermediates for Biopower Market
    4. 5.3 Local/Regional Trade and Supply Opportunities of Raw Biomass for Bioenergy Market
    5. 5.4 Conclusions
    6. References
  17. Chapter 6. Commodity-Scale Biomass Trade and Integration with Other Supply Chains
    1. Abstract
    2. 6.1 Introduction
    3. 6.2 Evolution of Commoditized Biomass
    4. 6.3 Current Commodity-Scale Biomass Trade
    5. 6.4 The Integration of Commoditized Biomass With Other Commodity Supply Chains
    6. 6.5 Future Trends, Recommendation, and Conclusion
    7. References
  18. Chapter 7. Commoditization of Biomass Markets
    1. Abstract
    2. 7.1 Introduction
    3. 7.2 Defining “Commodities”
    4. 7.3 Commoditization Example: The Case of the Crude Oil Market
    5. 7.4 Commoditization of Biomass Markets
    6. 7.5 Biomass Commoditization: The Way Forward
    7. Acknowledgment
    8. References
  19. Chapter 8. Transition Strategies: Resource Mobilization Through Merchandisable Feedstock Intermediates
    1. Abstract
    2. 8.1 Objective and Link to Previous Chapters
    3. 8.2 Challenges Within Large-Scale Biorefinery Feedstock Supply Chains
    4. 8.3 Feedstock Supply System Types: Conventional and Advanced
    5. 8.4 Depot Configurations and Evolvement
    6. 8.5 Depot Deployment
    7. 8.6 Market Transition
    8. 8.7 Conclusions
    9. References
  20. Conclusions
    1. Introduction
    2. Scope
    3. Lessons From Bioenergy
    4. References
  21. Index