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Diet and Disease by Katie Ferraro

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CHAPTER 2

Nutrition and Diabetes

Chapter Abstract

Diabetes is a metabolic disease characterized by disruptions in blood glucose regulation. Diabetes may be a result of the pancreas not producing insulin (as seen in type 1 diabetes), or the body’s inability to properly use the insulin that is produced (which occurs in type 2 diabetes). In the United States, more than 29 million people, or about 9.3 percent of the population, have diabetes; and one out of four of these people do not know that they have the disease. Of the diagnosed cases of diabetes, 5 percent have type 1 diabetes and 95 percent have type 2 diabetes (ADA, 2014). The majority of the people with type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese. Being overweight or obese makes it more difficult ...

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