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Diffuse Scattering and the Fundamental Properties of Materials

Book Description

Diffuse Scattering-the use of off-specular X-Rays and neutrons from surfaces and interfaces-has grown rapidly as a tool for characterizing the surface properties of materials and related fundamental structural properties. It has proven to be especially useful in the understanding of local properties within materials. This book reflects the efforts of physicists and materials scientists around the world who have helped to refine the techniques and applications of diffuse scattering. Major topics specifically covered include: -- Scattering in Low Dimensions -- Elastic and Thermal Diffuse Scattering from Alloys -- Scattering from Complex and Disordered Materials -- Scattering from Distorted Crystals

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright
  4. Contents
  5. Preface
  6. Part I: Scattering in Low Dimensions
    1. 1. Diff use Scattering from Surfaces, Interfaces, and Th in Films
    2. 2. Diffuse X-ray Scattering from Semiconductor Nanostructures
    3. 3. X-ray Scattering from Antiphase and Orientation Boundaries in III–V Semiconductor Ternary Alloy Films
    4. 4. X-Ray Studies of Thermally Grown Thin Vitreous SiO2 Over Si(001)
    5. 5. Ordered and Disordered Surface Phases of Bi on Cu(111)
    6. 6. Nonlinear Evolution of Surface Morphology in Short-Period Superlattices
  7. Part II: Elastic and Thermal Diffuse Scattering from Alloys
    1. 7. On the Sizes of Atoms
    2. 8. Elastic Diffuse Scattering of Alloys: Status and Perspectives
    3. 9. X-ray Diffuse Scattering Near Bragg Reflections for the Study of Clustered Defects in Crystalline Materials
    4. 10. Probing Phonons and Phase Transitions in Solids with X-ray Thermal Diffuse Scattering
  8. Part III: Scattering from Complex and Disordered Materials: Experiments and Theory
    1. 11. Diffuse Scattering from Molecular Crystals
    2. 12. Diffuse Scattering and Phason Modes in Icosahedral Quasicrystals
    3. 13. Structural Disorder in Quasicrystals
    4. 14. Diffuse Scattering From Quasicrystals: Short-Range Order, Atomic Size Effect, and Phason Fluctuations
    5. 15. Ab Initio Test of the Hume-Rothery Electron-Concentration Rule for Gamma-Brasses
    6. 16. The Role of Chemical and Displacement Pair Correlation in the Determination of Higher-Order Correlation
    7. 17. Recent Advances in the Study of Complex Materials by Neutron Scattering
  9. Part IV: Scattering from Distorted Crystals
    1. 18. The Role of Diffuse Scatterings in Understanding and Controlling Radiation-Induced Swelling of Nonmetallic Materials
    2. 19. Small-Angle Scattering from Dislocation Structures
    3. 20. Inhomogeneous Lattice Modulations and Fermi-Surface Effects in Yttrium Barium Copper Oxide Superconductors
  10. Part V: Final Remarks
    1. 21. Dynamical Bragg and Diffuse Scattering Effects and Implications for Diffractometry in the Twenty-First Century
  11. Index
  12. List of Contributors