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Digital Restoration from Start to Finish, 3rd Edition

Book Description

This third edition of Digital Restoration from Start to Finish walks you step-by-step through the entire process of restoring old photographs and repairing new ones using Adobe Photoshop, Photoshop Elements, GIMP and more. This best-selling guide is now updated with the latest software advancements, and new techniques including hand-tinting in lab, repairing water damaged photos, and tips for the spot healing brush and masked layers. No process detail is overlooked, from choosing the right hardware and software, getting the photographs into the computer, getting the finished photo out of the computer and preserving it for posterity.

 

LEARN HOW TO:

Scan faded and damaged prints or films

Improve snapshots with Shadow/Highlight adjustment

Correct uneven exposure

Fix color and skin tones quickly with Curves, plug-ins, and Hue/Saturation adjustment layers

Correct uneven exposure and do dodging and burning-in with adjustment layers

Hand-tint your photographs easily

Correct skin tones with airbrush layers

Clean up dust and scratches speedily and effectively

Repair small and large cracks with masks and filters

Eliminate tarnish and silvered-out spots from a photograph in just a few steps

Minimize unwanted print surface textures

Erase mildew spots

Eliminate dots from newspaper photographs

Increase sharpness and fine detail

Maximize print quality

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Half Title
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Title Page
  5. Table of Contents
  6. Preface
    1. What’s New in the Third Edition
  7. Introduction
    1. Why Restore Digitally?
    2. About This Book
    3. About Other Books
    4. Keeping in Touch
    5. Acknowledgments
    6. About the Author
  8. Quick Diagnostic Guide to Restoration
  9. Chapter 1: The Big Picture
    1. Where Do You Want to Go Today?
      1. Who Are You, and Whose Expectations Matter?
      2. Who Are You Trying to Make Happy?
      3. Are You Trying to Re-create a Historically Accurate Photograph?
      4. How Important is the Photograph, and How Much Scrutiny Might it Be Subject To?
      5. How Big Will the Restoration Be?
    2. The Art (and Craft) of Restoration
      1. Restoring Tone
      2. Restoring Color
      3. Fine-Detail Repairs and Cleanup
      4. Major Damage Repairs
      5. Repairing Uneven Damage
    3. Fooling Around
    4. A Modest Taxonomy of Restoration
      1. Prints
      2. Slides
      3. Negatives
      4. Newspaper Clippings
    5. Take Your Time
  10. Chapter 2: Hardware for Restoration
    1. The “Bottom” Line
    2. The Computer
    3. Memory
    4. Hard Drives
    5. Display
    6. Laptops and iMacs
    7. Graphics Tablets
    8. Color Management and ColorMunki
    9. Backup and Long-Term Storage
    10. Scanners
    11. Printers
  11. Chapter 3: Software for Restoration
    1. Image Processing Programs
      1. Photoshop CC and CS6
      2. Maximizing Photoshop Performance
      3. Avoiding Photoshop
      4. Alternatives to Photoshop
      5. Photoshop Elements 14
      6. Elements XXL
      7. Affinity Photo
      8. Photoline 19
    2. Plug-in and Stand-Alone Tools
      1. AKVIS Retoucher
      2. Polaroid Dust & Scratch Removal
      3. Focus Magic
      4. Noise Ninja/Photo Ninja
      5. Topaz Labs DeNoise 6
      6. Topaz Labs InFocus
      7. Topaz Labs Detail 3
      8. Topaz Labs Clarity
    3. Repair and Recovery Tools
      1. CD/DVD Diagnostic
      2. JPEG Recovery Pro 5.0
      3. Stellar Phoenix JPEG Repair
      4. RS File Repair
      5. Picture Doctor 2
  12. Chapter 4: Chapter 4 Getting the Photo into the Computer
    1. How-Tos in This Chapter
    2. Introduction
    3. Preparation and Cleaning
    4. Scanning Prints—Maximize Your Information by Getting the Tones Right
    5. Scanning for Dirt and Tears
    6. Is 16-Bit Mode Really Necessary?
    7. Pulling in the Color
    8. Scanning Halftones
    9. How to Scan B&W Film and Glass Plates
    10. Scanning Color Film
    11. Resolution Decisions
    12. Cracked and Textured Prints
      1. Rephotography
  13. Chapter 5: Restoring Tone
    1. How-Tos in This Chapter
    2. What Makes a Good Print?
    3. Curves
      1. Correcting Tones with Multiple Layers
    4. The Shadow/Highlight Adjustment
    5. How to Improve a Copy Print
    6. How to Correct Uneven Exposure
    7. How to Repair Uneven Density: Dodge and Burn with Masked Adjustment Layers
    8. Magnifying-Glass Layers
    9. Soft-Light Dodging and Burning-In Layers
    10. Enhancing Almost-Blank Photos
    11. Making Extreme Tone Changes without Distorting Colors
    12. Fixing Harsh Shadows on Faces
  14. Chapter 6: Restoring Color
    1. How-Tos in This Chapter
    2. What Makes a Good Print?
    3. Getting the Color Right (Semi-)Automatically
    4. Color Correcting in Layers
    5. Getting Better Skin Tones
      1. The Layered Approach
      2. The Airbrushed Layers Approach
      3. Correcting Skin Tones with Color Airbrushing
    6. Hand-Tinting Photographs
      1. Using Masked Layers to Hand-Tint Photographs
      2. Hand-Tinting with Coloriage
    7. Fixing Chromatic Aberration with Picture Window
    8. Correcting Out-of-Gamut and Incorrect Colors
    9. Fixing Color Stains and Development Marks
  15. Chapter 7: Making Masks
    1. How-Tos in This Chapter
    2. Why Mask?
    3. Many Ways to the Same Goal
    4. Isolating Cracks
    5. Making Masks from Colors
    6. Exaggerating Color to Select Tarnish
    7. Exaggerating Color to Select Scratches
    8. Selecting and Fixing a Matte Border
    9. Five Ways to Mask Cellophane Tape Damage
  16. Chapter 8: Damage Control
    1. How-Tos in This Chapter
    2. Introduction
    3. Simple Spotting
    4. Polishing Out the Scratches
      1. Finding Scratches with the Find Edges Filter
      2. Minimizing Scratches with Noise Reduction and Layer Blends
      3. Minimizing Scratches with Masks and Curves
      4. Enhancing Color to Attack Scratches
    5. Filling In the Cracks
      1. Removing Fine Cracks with a Mask and Median Filtering
      2. Removing Fine Cracks in Stages with Repeated Median Filtering
      3. Whittling Away at Wide Cracks
    6. Repairing Large Cracks with GIMP
      1. Eliminating Folds, Cracks, and Creases Using Averaged Scans
    7. Paving Over Tears and Holes
      1. Using the Dust & Scratches Filter in Combination with the Spot Healing Brush
    8. AKVIS Retoucher
    9. Clearing the Debris
      1. Eliminating Tarnish
      2. Picking the Right Color for B&W
      3. Dealing with Textured Prints
      4. Repairing Mildew
  17. Chapter 9: Tips, Tricks, and Enhancements
    1. How-Tos in This Chapter
    2. Introduction
    3. Save Time by Using Your Keyboard and Mouse
    4. Capturing a Long Density Range in a Scan by Stacking Images
    5. Descreening a Halftone
    6. Getting the Most Detail out of Your Photograph
    7. What Do You Do with a Tintype?
    8. Stitching Scans Together
    9. Improving the Original
  18. Chapter 10: Beautification
    1. How-Tos in This Chapter
    2. Introduction
    3. Viewing Your Restorations at Arm’s Length
    4. Improving Tonality and Making the Photo More Lively
      1. Unsharp Masking
      2. ContrastMaster
    5. Detexturing the Photo
      1. Dust & Scratches Filter
      2. Sharpen and Smooth … or Vice Versa
    6. Selective Sharpening
    7. Improving a Photograph by Adding Grain
    8. Touching Up Faces
    9. Neutralizing the Neutrals
  19. Chapter 11: Examples
    1. Introduction
    2. Example 1: Repairing an Old Glass Plate
    3. Example 2: Repairing Color with a Good Scan
    4. Example 3: Mother and Child—a “Legacy” Restoration Job
    5. Example 4: A Faded E-1 Slide
    6. Example 5: Reassembling an Astronomical Glass Plate
    7. Example 6: A Rare and Historic Old Polaroid
    8. Example 7: Fixing a Photocopied Halftone
    9. Example 8: Restoring an Almost-Blank Photo
    10. Example 9: Restoring a Very Old, Large Print
    11. Example 10: Restoring a Very Yellowed B&W Snapshot
    12. Example 11: Restoring Faded Color Snapshots
    13. Example 12: An Unsatisfying Restoration of a Polaroid SX-70 Print
  20. Chapter 12: Printing
    1. What’s the Right Printer?
    2. Choosing Your Print Media for Permanence
    3. Should I Profile My Printer?
    4. Forget about Profiles!
    5. ColorMunki
    6. Toning the B&W Print
    7. Display and Storage Conditions for Maximum Print Longevity
  21. Chapter 13: Archiving and Permanence
    1. The Special Needs of Digital Storage
    2. In a Material World
    3. Picking Up the Pieces
    4. It’s Just a Matter of Time
    5. All Storage Is Not Created Equal
    6. Can You Hear Me Now?
    7. Babel Fish
    8. Final Words
  22. Index