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Diplomacy in Japan-EU Relations by Oliviero Frattolillo

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Introduction

The diplomatic scenario

Since the end of World War II and well into the 1980s, relations between Japan and Europe have been characterized by a Janus-like nature: a certain coldness in terms of diplomatic dialogue alternating with heavy commercial disputes. Cold War geopolitics made a decisive contribution in depriving Japan of an effective, independent foreign policy, and most of its choices in international security matters tended to depend on decisions made in Washington.

Following the end of the Cold War in Asia, the new debate within leading Japanese circles was centred on the need for Tokyo to frame its foreign policy within a new doctrine. Although the Yoshida doctrine delegated national security to the US and included economism ...

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