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Diplomacy in Japan-EU Relations by Oliviero Frattolillo

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1    Walking the road of low diplomacy (1951–1979)

When Japan fully regained its political autonomy from the Supreme Commander for Allied Powers (SCAP) in 1952, the strategic and economic landscape of the world that it re-entered was considerably changed from the one that it had left. The transformation of mainland China – its former trading area – into a communist state and the success of the first Soviet nuclear test had led to radical differences. The US global policy of containment, based on the NSC-68, painted a new scenario of the Cold War that Japan also now had to face. Moreover, the American and Japanese release of the Yoshida letter on 16 January 1952, and the bilateral pact with Taiwan three months later, precluded Japan from recognizing ...

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