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Distributed Computing with Go by V.N. Nikhil Anurag

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Go's runtime scheduler

The Go program, along with the runtime, is managed and executed on multiple OS threads. The runtime uses a scheduler strategy known as M:N scheduler, which will schedule M number of goroutines on N number of OS threads. As a result, whenever we need to run or switch to a different goroutine, the context switching will be fast, and this also enables us to use multiple cores of the CPU for parallel computing.

A solid understanding of Go's runtime and scheduler would be quite interesting and useful, and now would be a good time to look at them in detail.

From the Go scheduler's perspective, there are primarily three entities:

  • Goroutine (G)
  • OS thread or machine (M)
  • Context or processor (P)

Let's look at what they do. ...

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