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Distributed Generation Systems

Book Description

Distributed Generation Systems: Design, Operation and Grid Integration closes the information gap between recent research on distributed generation and industrial plants, and provides solutions to their practical problems and limitations. It provides a clear picture of operation principles of distributed generation units, not only focusing on the power system perspective but targeting a specific need of the research community.

This book is a useful reference for practitioners, featuring worked examples and figures on principal types of distributed generation with an emphasis on real-world examples, simulations, and illustrations. The book uses practical exercises relating to the concepts of operating and integrating DG units to distribution networks, and helps engineers accurately design systems and reduce maintenance costs.

  • Provides examples and datasheets of principal systems and commercial data in MATLAB
  • Presents guidance for accurate system designs and maintenance costs
  • Identifies trouble shooting references for engineers
  • Closes the information gap between recent research on distributed generation and industrial plants

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. List of Contributors
  6. Chapter 1: Distributed Energy Resources
    1. Abstract
    2. 1.1 Introduction
    3. 1.2 Definitions of DG
    4. 1.3 Features of DG
    5. 1.4 Operation of DG
    6. 1.5 DG Technologies
    7. 1.6 Advantages of DG
    8. 1.7 Disadvantages of DG
    9. 1.8 Comparison Among the DG Technologies
    10. 1.9 Connection of DG to the Grid
  7. Chapter 2: The Basic Principles of Wind Farms
    1. Abstract
    2. 2.1 Historical Background
    3. 2.2 Size of Wind Turbines
    4. 2.3 Wind Turbine Application
    5. 2.4 Wind Turbine Technology
    6. 2.5 Wind Turbine Components
    7. 2.6 Wind Power Calculation
    8. 2.7 Wind Turbine Power Characteristic Curve
    9. 2.8 Stall or Pitch Angle Control
    10. 2.9 Maximum Power Point Tracking
    11. 2.10 Mathematical Modeling of Wind Turbine Generators
    12. 2.11 Squirrel Cage IGs in a WEGS
    13. 2.12 DFIGs in a WEGS
    14. 2.13 Synchronous Generator Wind Turbine
    15. 2.14 Grid Code Requirements
    16. 2.15 Summary
  8. Chapter 3: Solar Energy and Photovoltaic Technology
    1. Abstract
    2. 3.1 Introduction
    3. 3.2 Solar Radiation [1,3–5]
    4. 3.3 Materials and Semiconductors [1,4–9]
    5. 3.4 Photovoltaic Materials [1,10–12]
    6. 3.5 Electrical Characteristics [1,13–19]
    7. 3.6 PV Components and Standards [18–21]
    8. 3.7 Photovoltaic Power Systems and Technologies [22–27]
    9. 3.8 Materials for Future Photovoltaic Systems [28–41]
    10. 3.9 Summary
  9. Chapter 4: Microturbine Generation Power Systems
    1. Abstract
    2. 4.1 Introduction
    3. 4.2 History
    4. 4.3 Statistical Information
    5. 4.4 Gas Turbine
    6. 4.5 MT Components
    7. 4.6 MT Applications
    8. 4.7 Types of MT
    9. 4.8 Types of Power Electronic Interface Topologies
    10. 4.9 Construction and Operation of MTs
    11. 4.10 MT Modeling
    12. 4.11 Control Circuits
    13. 4.12 Simulation Results
    14. 4.13 Future Trends
    15. 4.14 Summary
    16. Appendix A
    17. Appendix B
  10. Chapter 5: Fuel Cells
    1. Abstract
    2. 5.1 Introduction
    3. 5.2 Principles and Applications of FCs
    4. 5.3 Voltage Losses and Their Roles in Designing a FC
    5. 5.4 Applying FCs in DG Systems
    6. 5.5 Power Electronic Interfaces, Protection, and Power Quality Concerns
  11. Chapter 6: Design of Small Hydro Generation Systems
    1. Abstract
    2. 6.1 Introduction
    3. 6.2 Generation Basics of Hydroelectrical Energy Systems
    4. 6.3 Different Technologies of Small Hydro Generation Systems
    5. 6.4 Design of Small Hydro Power Systems
    6. 6.5 Economic Analysis of Small Hydro Power Plant Projects
    7. 6.6 Summary and Conclusions
  12. Chapter 7: Energy Storage Systems
    1. Abstract
    2. 7.1 Introduction
    3. 7.2 Small-Scale Electrical Energy Storage Systems
    4. 7.3 Large-Scale Electrical Energy Storage Systems
    5. 7.4 Economics of Using Energy Storage Systems with Distributed Generators
    6. 7.5 Example of Network Technical Issues
    7. 7.6 Another Example of Network Technical Issues
    8. 7.7 Conclusions
  13. Chapter 8: Market Design Issues of Distributed Generation
    1. Abstract
    2. 8.1 General Description of Distributed Generation
    3. 8.2 Technical regulation of distributed generation integration
    4. 8.3 Regulatory and Compensation Schemes for Distributed Generation
    5. 8.4 The Role of Distributed Generation in Electricity Markets
    6. 8.5 Market Designs for Distributed Generation
    7. 8.6 Concluding Remarks
  14. Chapter 9: Distribution Generation Optimization and Energy Management
    1. Abstract
    2. 9.1 Introduction
    3. 9.2 Distributed Generation Impacts on Network Energy Management
    4. 9.3 Distributed Generation Optimization Methods and Applications
    5. 9.4 Distributed Generation and Microgrids
  15. Chapter 10: Impact of Distributed Generation Integration on the Reliability of Power Distribution Systems
    1. Abstract
    2. 10.1 Introduction
    3. 10.2 Reliability of Power Distribution Systems
    4. 10.3 Reliability Impact of Distributed Generation Resources
  16. Chapter 11: DC Distribution Networks: A Solution for Integration of Distributed Generation Systems
    1. Abstract
    2. 11.1 Introduction
    3. 11.2 Overview of Direct Current Distribution Systems
    4. 11.3 Design of Direct Current Distribution Networks
    5. 11.4 Protection Issues and Techniques in Medium Voltage Direct Current Systems
    6. 11.5 Control of Direct Current Distribution Networks
    7. 11.6 Conclusions and Future Trends
  17. Index