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t A map of Tuscany from 1814.

Tuscans are renowned for their strong character, and feuds and fighting have been common throughout the region’s history. But it’s also a centre of arts and culture; Florence led artistic development during the Renaissance.

Ancient Tuscany

The ancient Etruscan civilization – from which the name Tuscany derives – was already established by the 8th century BC. It covered an area known as Etruria, which spanned Tuscany as well as the regions of Lazio and Umbria. The Etruscans founded a number of towns including Cortona, Arezzo, Fiesole and ...

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