t A 17th-century map of South Africa.
Inhabited since prehistoric times, South Africa has experienced tensions between settlers and indigenous Africans ever since the establishment of a Dutch colony there in 1652. Following the dismantling of apartheid in the 1990s, the country is now on a course to democracy and reconciliation.
Prehistoric South Africa
Although hominins most probably evolved in East Africa, a wealth of fossils unearthed at the Cradle of Humankind near Johannesburg indicates that they inhabited South Africa at least three million years ago. The Northern Cape’s Wonderwerk ...