Salamanca ~ 15 km (9 miles) east £ @ n Plaza Mayor 32; www.salamanca.es

Founded as an Iberian settlement in pre-Roman times, Salamanca fell to Hannibal in 217 BC. The city later enjoyed more illustrious times, and is now Spain’s finest showcase of Renaissance and Plateresque architecture. Pre-eminent among its artists and master craftsmen of later years were the Churriguera brothers. Their work can be seen in many of Salamanca’s golden sandstone buildings, notably in the Plaza Mayor. Other major sights are the two cathedrals and the 13th-century university, one of Europe’s oldest and most distinguished.

t Salamanca’s town hall on the wide Plaza Mayor, blazing with lights ...

Get DK Eyewitness Spain now with O’Reilly online learning.

O’Reilly members experience live online training, plus books, videos, and digital content from 200+ publishers.