Opened in 1897 as the national gallery of British art, the magnificent collection at London’s first Tate gallery ranges from 1500 to the present day. Its founder was Henry Tate (1819–99) who made his fortune from sugar. The collection contains works by all Britain’s major painters, and was greatly added to by J M W Turner. Paintings are often moved to Tate’s other galleries, loaned out or removed for restoration. The works on these pages, therefore, may not always be on display.