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DK Eyewitness Top 10 Travel Guide: Andalucia & Costa Del Sol by DK Publishing

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Moments in History

1. Bronze Age Developments

The Iberian (Tartessian) civilization got its strongest start around 2500 BC when bronze began to be smelted and worked in Andalucía. Some early tribes built the oldest megalithic tombs (dolmens) in western Europe.

2. Phoenician and Greek Colonies

Attracted by the area’s mineral wealth, the Phoenicians founded a trading post at what is now Cádiz in 1100 BC, while the Greeks established a toehold near Málaga in 636 BC. The two maintained a mercantile rivalry until Carthage, a former Phoenician colony, dominated the region.

3. Roman Spain

The first Roman town in Spain, Itálica, was established in 206 BC; Rome finally wrested the entire region from the Carthaginians in 201 BC. Due to abundant local produce, ...

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