1. 1685: Edict of Potsdam

Berlin’s history as a cultural capital began in 1685, when the far-sighted Great Elector announced in the Edict of Potsdam that around 20,000 Huguenots would be taken in by Berlin. Many were excellent craftsmen and scientists, who, having fled Catholic France because of their Protestant beliefs, brought a new age of cultural ascendancy to the provincial town.


The Neues Palais in Potsdam, the town where the 1685 edict was signed

2. 1744: Frederick the Great

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