1. 2000 BC–AD 100: Early Cultures

The Maya emerged in the Yucatán perhaps as early as 2000 BC. But it is not until 300 BC–AD 100 that the distinctive characteristics of their culture appeared – such as a writing system, calendar, and city states. For these attributes, the Maya owe much to the first great culture of ancient Mexico, the Olmecs, who thrived between 1500 and 300 BC.


Mayan codices, Museo Maya, Cancún

2. 250–800: Classic Era Mayan Civilization

For over 500 years in the Classic ...

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