FIELD GUIDE Terrain and Flora

Terrain and Flora

Few countries on earth can rival Costa Rica for biodiversity. Despite its tiny size, the nation is home to almost 5 percent of the world’s identified living species, including an estimated 1,200 types of butterflies. This astonishing wealth of wildlife is due to the country’s great variety in relief and climate, from lowland wetlands to cloud-draped mountains. As a result, Costa Rica has several distinct “life zones,” each with a unique combination of climate, terrain, flora, and fauna.

Lowland Rainforest

Tropical rainforests cloak many of the plains and lower mountain slopes of the Caribbean lowlands and Pacific southwest, its canopies forming an uninterrupted ...

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