FIELD GUIDE Animal Directory

Primates

Costa Rica has four of the 156 species of American primates, which are limited to a spectrum of tropical forest. They differ from their Old World counterparts in having flat noses with side-facing nostrils, plus (in many species) strong prehensile tails that can grasp branches and aid maneuvering through the treetops. The Costa Rican species are small to mid-sized, arboreal, and mostly herbivorous – only capuchin monkeys are adept at foraging on the forest floor. Intelligent and entertaining, primates also have a complex social structure.

TAXONOMY

Costa Rica’s four diurnal primate species are all classified as American monkeys, or platyrrhines (“flat-nosed”) ...

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