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Doing Business in India For Dummies® by Ranjini Manian

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Indian Languages Demystified

India comes as close to the Tower of Babel as possible. There are at least 300 known languages, 24 of which have one million or more speakers.

Hindi is the national language of India and Hindu is a religion. Don’t mix the two.

Here’s a list of Indian states, their capitals, and the primary language of each:

StateCapitalLanguage(s)
Andhra PradeshHyderabadTelugu
Arunachal PradeshItanagarAssamese, Bengali, Hindi
AssamGuwahatiAssamese, Bodo
BiharPatnaHindi, Bihari
ChhattisgarhRaipurHindi
GoaPanajiKonkani
GujaratGandhinagarGujarati
HaryanaChandigarhHindi
Himachal PradeshShimlaHindi, Pahari
MizoramAizawMizo, English
JharkhandRanchiHindi
Jammu and KashmirSrinagarDogri, Kashmiri
KarnatakaBangaloreKannada
KeralaThiru-vanantha-puramMalayalam
Madhya PradeshBhopalHindi
ManipurImphalManipuri
MaharashtraMumbaiMarathi
MeghalayaShillongKhasi, Garo
NagalandKohimaAo, Konyak, Angami, Sema, Lotha
OrissaBhubaneshwarOriya
PunjabChandigarhPunjabi
RajasthanJaipurHindi, Marwari, Mewari
SikkimGangtokNepali
Tamil NaduChennaiTamil
TripuraAgartalaBengali, Tripuri, Manipuri, Kakborak
Uttar PradeshLucknowHindi
UttaranchalDehradunHindi
West BengalKolkataBengali

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