India is—after China—the second most populous country in the world, and its largest democracy. A nuclear power with its own space program, India retains a huge, largely illiterate rural population.
PPP—Purchasing Power Parity is a measure of the purchasing power of a currency relative to the US dollar.
Capital/largest city: New Delhi/Mumbai
Population: 1.12 billion
Official languages: Hindi and English are official national languages; there are also 18 regional languages
GDP/GDP per capita: US$1,000 billion (2007)/US$965 (based on exchange rate) or US$2,700 PPP
Currency: I rupee (INR) = 100 paise
Time zone: UTC +5.30 hours
Dialing code: +91
Principal business areas: New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore ...