China’s popularity as a research topic for both inward and outward trade and investment has increased steadily in the past two decades. Understanding the interactions of different countries with China is a vitally important dimension of internationalization, as different contexts can result in a different interplay between home and host country variables, such as politics, culture, economics, resource base, legal factors, among many others.

Australia is similar, on many levels, to other Western Anglo-Saxon countries such as the United States or the United Kingdom, though it has a much smaller population (22.6 million people) and its organizations tend to be smaller, have fewer resources, and are less international than their American ...

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