Chapter 11

Early Nutrition and its Effect on the Development of Obesity

J.M. Saavedra*,***    Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States**    Nestlé Nutrition, Vevey, Switzerland

Abstract

Obesity is the largest and fastest growing epidemic of modern times, and transcends geographical, ethnic, and socioeconomic boundaries. The problem of childhood obesity risk is preceded to a great degree by infant growth phenomena. Gestation and the first 2 years of life significantly shape long-term growth, metabolic, immunologic, sensory, and behavioral patterns of individuals. This paper reviews the “modifiable factors” associated to childhood obesity, defined as feeding and related dietary, environmental, or behavioral practices ...

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